Chinese data rules to restrict overseas development of autonomous driving technology
BEIJING – China’s new auto data processing rules will come into force on October 1 and create a barrier preventing foreign companies from accessing driving records and on-board images, a move that will hamper their own efforts to advance the autonomous driving technology.
Draft rules based on the new national data law were first published in May, with the implementation date announced on Friday. The regulations aim to prevent large amounts of personal data generated in China, the world’s largest automotive market, from being disclosed beyond its borders.
The rules will be based on the country’s 2017 cybersecurity law, as well as its broad data security law, which is expected to come into force on September 1. The legislation sets the rules for how businesses can handle digital data and gives authorities greater oversight in data collection and protection.
The new rules will apply to a wide range of businesses, including automakers, auto parts makers, software companies, car dealerships, as well as ridesharing services.
“Normally, we would like to effectively use the data we collect around the world to accelerate the development of autonomous driving technology, but it will become difficult. We have no choice but to use the data collected in China for China alone. A senior executive at the Chinese branch of a foreign automaker told Nikkei.
Data that poses a potential risk to national security must be stored in the country and be subject to inspection before it can be transferred abroad. It also requires companies wishing to transfer data overseas to declare the type and size of the data, as well as its purpose.
Companies will need to disclose the locations where they plan to store data. Authorities said the sensitive data would include everything from information on Chinese road traffic and logistics to facial recognition data, videos and photos taken by on-board cameras, as well as operational data at vehicle charging stations. electric.
Data sets that include the personal information of more than 100,000 people, as well as geographic data information about the Communist Party and its military installations or the movements of their personnel also fall under the security guidelines.
President Xi Jinping’s mission is to strengthen the management of state-controlled data. China’s Data Security Law, Cyber Security Law, and Personal Information Protection Law will be the three pillars to protect data privacy and information security.
This year, Chinese media reported that electricity maker Tesla is suspected of transferring vehicle data from China to US ridesharing company Didi Global, which went public on the New York Stock Exchange in June, has has also come under criticism that it could provide the United States with data collected in China.