Mali: Hunger crisis – Emergency Action Plan (EPoA), DREF Operation n° MDRML016 – Mali
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Mali is a Sahelian country, whose economy is largely dependent on agriculture, itself dependent on climatic hazards with recurrent droughts since the 1970s, floods, predators, etc. The agricultural sector is hard hit by recurrent security incidents linked to the political situation. , inter-community conflicts, armed attacks and cattle rustling.
Poverty is on the rise, affecting 78.1% of the population nationally, and levels of food insecurity are twice as high in female-headed households. External factors such as the health situation, the displacement crisis in the Sahelian sub-region, and the correlation of the consequences of these same factors in bordering countries have led Mali to a situation of growing food insecurity.
Livestock and crops, which are the main sources of income, are largely affected, as are jobs due to the reduction in economic activities with the socio-economic and security challenges facing communities. The situation is exacerbated by the COVID-19 health crisis and more recently by the Russian-Ukrainian conflict.
The FAO and WFP early warning report of June 8, 2022 highlights that the main factors of acute food insecurity in the Sahel region and more particularly in Mali are likely to evolve and have adverse combined effects in the country over the next few months with serious humanitarian consequences on the current situation. vulnerable communities.
In view of the latest IPC projections from June to August 2022, a peak in acute malnutrition is already anticipated, as well as a gradual deterioration in the nutritional situation. The IPC map below shows 37 affected districts and four IDP sites in phase 3 (Gao, Mopti, Ségou and Timbuktu), five districts and one IDP site probably in critical condition.
The Food Security Cluster has identified a total of 2.8 million affected people to assist in 2022, of which 1.8 million are expected to receive emergency food aid. The figure of 1.8 million is in line with the Harmonized Framework forecast for June-August 2022, which indicates that 1,684,507 are in phase 3 (in approximately 37 areas) and 156,560 are in phase 4 (in approximately 5 areas) , a total of 1,841,067 need emergency assistance to mitigate the risk of falling into a critical phase and suffering from acute hunger
The planning of the actors shows the positioning of food aid with an often unbalanced coverage (deficit for certain months and/or certain localities, and surplus for others over certain periods on an initial need in 2022 of 1,841,067 people identified by the food security cluster In addition, only about 658,000 people are receiving planning or livelihoods support against an initial need of 2,808,357 people.
The security situation in the country makes it quite difficult to access locality-specific data, as does the action of actors to deal with a growing and generalized food and nutrition crisis in the country. According to available data, the most affected areas are concentrated in the regions of Mopti, Timbuktu, Gao, which are inaccessible/difficult to access due to insecurity, and Koulikoro, Ségou, where access for humanitarian actors would be somewhat more manageable. The most affected municipalities are displayed on the map on the left.
• 12 zones will be in crisis phase: Gao region: Ansongo, Bourem, Gao, Ménaka region: Ménaka, Kayes: Nioro, Mopti: Bandiagara, Bankass, Djenné, Douentza, Koro, Ségou: Niono and Timbuktu: Gourma Rharous. That is 1,684,507 people in crisis phase or 7.7% of the total population.
• 17 areas in pressure phase: Region of Kayes: Diéma, Region of Kidal: Abeibara, Kidal, Tessalit, Tin Essako, Region of Koulikoro: Nara, Kati, Region of Mopti: Mopti: Tenenkou, Youwarou, Ségou: Baroueli, Macina , Circle of Ségou, Tominian, Sikasso: Yorosso, region of Timbuktu: Diré, Goundam, Niafunké and Timbuktu). The number of people likely to be in the pressure phase is 4,411,105 or 20.33%.
• 21 zones will be in phase 1 and the district of Bamako. The crisis situation is mainly linked to insecurity, inter-community conflicts, disruption of socio-economic activities and insufficient rainfall, with deterioration of livelihoods.
The National Society is a central partner of Mali’s “2030 Sustainable Development Goals” through its 2022 National Response Plan. Following the authorities’ appeal of 15 June 2022 to humanitarian actors on the complexity of the situation agribusiness in the Koulikoro region, this The operation is launched in the response phase in the priority regions in accordance with the IRCF’s “Zero Hunger” plan.